As governments prepare to meet in Katowice in December to review and discuss the Paris Agreement of 2015, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has launched its latest report, the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C, which will serve as the scientific input for discussions.
The IPCC clearly outlines current climate change impacts such as extreme weather and rising sea levels. The main focus, however, is on listing impacts with global warming at 1.5°C compared to 2°C. The examples detailed in the report tell a grim story:
- By 2100, global sea level rise would be 10 cm lower at 1.5°C compared to 2°C
- The Arctic Ocean would be ice free in summer once every 100 years at 1.5°C, compared to every 10 years at 2°C
- Coral reefs will decline by “only” 70-90% at 1.5°C compared to a total loss at 2°C
- Impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems will be lower at 1.5°C than at 2°C
- Increases in ocean temperature and acidity will be lower at 1.5°C compared to 2°C
The 1°C warming threshold from anthropogenic emissions was reached already in 2017. Global temperatures, at the present rate, are expected to reach 1.5°C around 2040. Importantly, the current Nationally Determined Contributions, or the intended efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change, are not sufficient to limit global warming to 1.5°C.
The world is keenly looking forward to the outcome of the COP24 conference in December, as well as the response of governments on how they intend to address climate change in their respective countries.
Special Focus: Climate Change impact on women
Women are disproportionately impacted by climate change. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) women’s yields could increase by 20-30% with the right training and access to irrigation and drought mitigation techniques.
Join us for the Unleash Opportunity Webinar: Climate Risk and Resilience for Women in the Agricultural Sector which will examine:
- Climate risks that women are subjected to in the agricultural sector
- How mainstreaming gender equality in the agricultural sector can help build more climate resilient supply chains
- The business case for empowering women through climate-resilient supply chains and give inspiration on how to do it
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