Oxfam Publishes ‘Focused Human Rights Impact Assessment of Coop Sweden’s Citrus Fruit Supply Chains in Morocco’


About the Report

In April 2022 Oxfam published ‘The Workers Behind the Citrus Fruits: A focused Human Rights Impact Assessment of Coop Sweden’s citrus fruit supply chains in Morocco’.

The paper reports on a focused human rights impact assessment (HRIA) of Coop Sweden’s Citrus supply chains in Morocco. The HRIA aimed to assess the actual and potential human rights impacts at the production stage of the value chain in Morocco, identify their root causes, and provide recommendations to relevant stakeholders concerning their mitigation and/or remediation.

The assessment took just over a year and consisted of five phases of analysis using a methodology aligned with the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs). The field phase took place between January and April 2021.

The HRIA was commissioned by Coop Sweden, who wanted a better picture of working conditions in the citrus sector and of the experiences of workers in seasonal production.

amfori's Position

amfori very much welcomes and commends Coop Sweden for its transparent and collaborative approach to managing human rights risks in its global value chain.

amfori believes that supply chain transparency is a powerful tool for promoting accountability and ensuring workers’ rights in the supply chain, and in ensuring continuous improvement. Cooperating with affected stakeholders at different levels is critical to understand the actual and potential human rights impacts of a company and to improve working conditions in their value chains.

Companies are increasingly expected to go beyond auditing and work towards more robust processes of human rights due diligence that are in line with the UNGPs on Business and Human Rights.

Coop Sweden’s approach to pair the diagnostic function of social audits and other risk monitoring tools with the use of human rights impact assessments constitutes a good practice and we encourage our members to follow suit.

“Our assessment is that agricultural workers face an increased risk of human right abuse. For example, there is an increased risk of poor legal compliance when it comes to working conditions and wages. Our contractual agreements state that suppliers in our value chain must comply with applicable legislation, but it is important to be aware of the difficulties that may arise in the value chains.  One way to make the right prioritizations is to use amfori’s risk country classification in our assessments”

Alexandra Anastoulis. External auditor, quality assurance at Coop Sverige AB.

By signing the amfori BSCI Code of Conduct, amfori members and their business partners commit to conduct responsible business, and to identify, prevent, mitigate, account for and remediate adverse human rights, as well as environmental, impacts in their supply chains.

We encourage Coop Sweden to act upon the recommendations with the support of amfori and its partners as well as other relevant stakeholders.